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The flotation machine is driven by V-belt drive motor rotating impeller to create negative pressure by centrifugal vacuum.
Impeller rotation speed:191-400r/min
Applied materials:non-ferrous metals, ferrous metals, precious metals, non-metallic mineral, chemical raw materials, etc.
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Xinhai Solutions: Xinhai decided to adopt three stage opening circuit crushing, one stage grinding, differential flotation two stage dewatering process. Three stage opening circuit crushing adopted Xinhai jaw crusher, the crushing product was sent to cone crusher by belt conveyor for two or three stage crushing,then sent to Xinhai grid type ball mill for grinding and classifying,the mixed slurry was sent to Xinhai JJF flotation cell. Then Xinhai added collector to the pulp for copper differential flotation, and got qualified copper concentrate, then sulfur concentrate. The tailings were sent to Xinhai magnetic separator to separate qualified iron ore concentrate. Finally, copper and sulfur concentrate were transported to high efficient thickener, thickening underflow was filtered by plate press filter
Principle: This process floats copper concentrate and other useful minerals together and gets mixed concentrate, then separates mixed concentrate to obtain qualified copper concentrate
Ore Property: Shandong client commissioned Xinhai Mine Research Institute to conduct ore dressing experiment after collected 50kg samples on the scene. After tested the ore properties of sample ore, Xinhai lab concluded that the main metal minerals of the project were copper, lead, zinc, and a certain amount of magnetite
Xinhai Solutions: Xinhai Mine Research Institute carried on preliminary exploration of its processing conditions and found that the copper recovery rate was the highest in bulk flotation process. Therefore, after discussed with client, Xinhai adopted two stage closed-circuit crushing, one stage closed-circuit grinding, middlings regrinding, copper lead bulk flotation - zinc flotation - copper lead separation process. Copper lead bulk flotation adopted a roughing, three scavenging, four cleaning process. Roughing and scavenging adopted Xinhai XCF flotation cell, cleaning used Xinhai BF flotation cell. Zinc flotation adopted a roughing, three scavenging, four cleaning process, roughing and scavenging adopted KYF flotation cell, and cleaning selected SF flotation cell BF flotation cell was used in copper lead separation process. The dewatering of copper, lead and zinc concentrates used Xinhai efficient deep cone thickener+ceramic filter. The concentrate moisture was about 12% after dewatering
Xinhai Solutions: In recent years, the ore grade of this peoject has fallen, and the flotation index of technology was not good. Therefore, Xinhai upgraded its flotation technology: adopt Xinhai JJF flotation cell to replace original flotation column, then add collector and frother as PH regulator, which strengthened concentration process, increased floating ratio of coarse grain. The recovery rate of copper concentrate reached above 94%, and copper concentrate grade was improved by 3%
Copper, due to the present world demand and price, is of foremost interest to the mining industry. Many new properties are either in the process of being brought into production or are being given consideration. Copper minerals usually occur in low grade deposits and require concentration prior to smelting. The method and degree of concentration depends on smelter location and schedules, together with the nature of the ore deposit. Sulphide copper ores generally occur with pyrite, pyrrhotite, arsenopyrite and molybdenite, and with gold and silver. A complete copper-iron separation may not always be essential for the maximum economic recovery and often is tied to the distribution of the gold and silver values
The above flowsheet is designed for the treatment by flotation of copper as chalcopyrite with gold and silver values. The ore, ranging from 60-65% silica, with pyrite, arsenopyrite, and calcite with 3 to 4% copper. This flowsheet, though simple, is adequate for tonnages of 100 to 500 tons or more per day, depending on the size of equipment selected. It can be readily expanded by duplicating units for increased tonnages. By minor circuit changes, it provides the flexibility to treat a range of ore conditions which are often encountered in any mining operation. Generally in these small plants the recovery of molybdenum is disregarded unless it is present in considerable amounts. Larger plants generally will incorporate a circuit for molybdenum recovery from the copper concentrate by flotation. “Sub- A” Flotation is standard for this service
Crushing Section. The crushing section with two-stage reduction is suitable for smaller tonnages, depending on the ore characteristics. Three-stage reduction in either an open or closed circuit, with screens for the removal of fines can be employed where conditions warrant. The fines are removed by a grizzly or screen ahead of each reduction stage for higher efficiency and for reduced wear on crushing surfaces
Feed control is essential to efficient grinding and helps reduce surges and fluctuations throughout the entire plant. The Ball Mill in closed circuit with a Spiral Classifier discharges the pulp at about 60% minus 200 mesh. The Ball Mill is equipped with a Spiral Screen on the discharge for removal of any tramp oversize, worn grinding balls, and wood chips from the circuit
The pulp from the Conditioner is treated in a 10-cell “Sub-A” Flotation Machine and a 4-cell “Sub-A” Flotation machine. Sometimes conditioners are not provided; however, their use insures that reagents are thoroughly mixed into the pulp ahead of flotation. This gives a more uniform feed and effective use of reagents plus improved flotation conditions. The 10-cell “Sub-A” Flotation Machine is of the “free-flow” type. Weirs for the control of pulp level through the machine are provided at the fourth, eighth and tenth cells. This “free-flow” type provides ample volume for normal fluctuations in the feed rate without cell level adjustment. Sand relief ports help extend the long life of the molded rubber wearing parts
The first eight cells produce a rougher concentrate while the last two cells act as scavengers. The concentrate or middling product from these two cells is returned by gravity back to the fifth cell. The rougher concentrate from the first eight cells is cleaned in two stages in the four-cell standard “Sub-A” Flotation Machine, of the cell-to-cell type. No pumps are needed for the return of these flotation products for cleaning. This feature in “Sub-A” Flotation Machines gives added flexibility by enabling the operator to change cleaning circuits readily, should conditions require. The tailings from the cleaner flotation section are pumped back to the ball mill for regrind. To control dilution a cone classifier is placed in this circuit with the coarse solids going to regrind and the overflow used as dilution in the mill and classifier. It is possible to eliminate this classification in some cases but control is less positive. A separate regrind section could be provided if the quantity of middling products were enough to make this section feasible
Flotation, in mineral processing, method used to separate and concentrate ores by altering their surfaces to a hydrophobic or hydrophilic condition—that is, the surfaces are either repelled or attracted by water. The flotation process was developed on a commercial scale early in the 20th century to remove very fine mineral particles that formerly had gone to waste in gravity concentration plants. Flotation has now become the most widely used process for extracting many minerals from their ores
Most kinds of minerals require coating with a water repellent to make them float. By coating the minerals with small amounts of chemicals or oils, finely ground particles of the minerals remain unwetted and will thus adhere to air bubbles. The mineral particles are coated by agitating a pulp of ore, water, and suitable chemicals; the latter bind to the surface of the mineral particles and make them hydrophobic. The unwetted particles adhere to air bubbles and are carried to the upper surface of the pulp, where they enter the froth; the froth containing these particles can then be removed. Unwanted minerals that naturally resist wetting may be treated so that their surfaces will be wetted and they will sink
This ability to modify the floatability of minerals has made possible many otherwise difficult separations that are now common practice in modern mills. Flotation is widely used to concentrate copper, lead, and zinc minerals, which commonly accompany one another in their ores. Many complex ore mixtures formerly of little value have become major sources of certain metals by means of the flotation process
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