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Camps Bay beach has everything a holidaymaker could want. Sparkling blue sea, soft white sand, palm trees and majestic mountains in the background. Natural beauty aside, you can enjoy a cocktail at one of the trendy sidewalk bars and cafés across from the beach
Clifton, an affluent suburb with sweeping views of the Atlantic, boasts four magical beaches simply titled 1, 2, 3 and 4. Steep stairways lead down to the four beaches that are naturally protected from the wind, making them popular with locals and tourists alike. While only Clifton 4th beach has blue flag status, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd beach are definitely worth a visit
Llandudno Beach is located in a little cove called Logies Bay, overlooked by the exclusive village of Llandudno. The beautiful, secluded beach is quieter than most Cape Town beaches, as it is accessed by only one road and there is minimal parking for visitors. A backdrop of mountains and large granite boulders shelter the bay from wind, making this an ideal spot for swimming, sunbathing and beach games like volleyball and beach rugby
Muizenberg is a long stretch of beach on the False Bay coast, lined with multicolored changing huts. The warm water and good swell make it a favorite spot for surfing and swimming. There are also a variety of beachfront restaurants where you can grab a bite to eat
This pristine beach stretches for over 11 miles around Walker Bay in Hermanus, known as the best land-based whale watching site in the world. Seldom crowded, Grotto Beach is great for long seaside strolls, swimming, beach games, and for watching the Southern Right whales frolic in the bay from June to November
There is no doubt that mineral and mining companies have remained part of the biggest companies in South Africa. Despite a significant hit on these companies a few years ago which led to the shrinking of many of them, it is interesting seeing them pick up with records of unprecedented growth. Therefore, in this article, we consider some of the largest mining companies in South Africa. We also consider those that specialise in gold among other things.
Among industries like tech, banking, media, and financial firms, mining companies remain one of the biggest industries in the list of public companies in South Africa. This comparison also includes private-owned organisations. In terms of operation, mining activities can be grouped into various categories based on their resources.
These categories include metal ore mining, quarrying, oil and gas extraction, nonmetallic mineral mining and coal mining. For the purpose of this article, we look into some of these mining industries based on their general activities
Based in Johannesburg, Anglo American plc is one of the largest producers of platinum in the world. More so, the company is one of the major producers of nickel, diamonds, metallurgical and thermal coal, copper, and iron ore. Apart from their presence in London, United Kingdom, Anglo American plc also operates in North America, Australasia, South America, Europe, among others
A beautiful thing about this mining company is their level of integrity to ensure that their products form part of the resources needed to create a more sustainable future. With the combination of creativity, innovation and expertise, they have maintained their status as part of the leading companies in the mining industry
Formerly known as Ingwe Collieries Limited, the company prides itself as the owner and operator of collieries in the Mpumalanga province as well as KwaZulu Natal province in the country. BHP Billiton was founded in 1944 and operates as part of South32 Limited
Sand mining is the process of extracting sand from an open pit, sea beaches, rivers and ocean beds, river banks, deltas, or inland dunes. The extracted sand can be used for various types of manufacturing, such as concrete used in the construction of buildings and other structures. The sand can also be used as an abrasive or can be mixed with salt and applied to icy roads to reduce the melting point of ice.
As populations grow and rates of urbanization increase, the demand for sand needed in construction also increases. These high levels of demand have often led to the use of unsustainable sand extraction processes and illegal sand mining. Although most jurisdictions have legal limits on the location and volume of sand that can be extracted, illegal sand mining is flourishing in many parts of the world. Such activities have a negative effect on the surrounding ecosystem. These adverse impacts of sand mining are explained below.
Unregulated mining of large volumes of sand along beaches leads to their erosion. Sea beaches are usually formed by the balanced action of depositional and erosional forces. Although this balance is naturally maintained, humans interfere causes excessive erosion and thus the retreat of beaches. By removing too much sediment from rivers, sand mining also leads to the erosion and shrinking of river banks. Deltas can recede due to sand mining. All of these destructive effects of sand mining ultimately lead to the loss of fertile land and property. It also destabilizes the ground and causes the failure of bridges, dikes, and roads.
Beaches are located at the intersection between ocean and land. As such, beaches are home to a variety of species like crabs, snails, and turtles. When sand is mined in beaches, it disturbs the wildlife living in the beach ecosystem. For example, turtles such as the Olive ridley sea turtle arrive at beaches to dig nests in the sand and lay their eggs. After laying their eggs, the turtles cover them with sand to protect the nests from predators. When the hatchlings emerge, they move across the beach and enter the sea. However, when sand mining occurs in turtle nesting habitats, it leads to the loss of nesting sites. Therefore, sand mining can be a factor responsible for the disappearance of a species.
The negative effects of sand mining on local wildlife are clearly visible in the case of gharials, the fish-eating crocodiles, in India. Sandbanks are essential for the critically endangered gharials to build nests and bask in the sun. Unfortunately, despite efforts made to conserve the species, illegal sand mining in the range of the gharials has destroyed the much-needed sandbanks in their habitat. The species is now nearly extinct.
The ill effects of sand mining on wildlife are not confined to beaches and sandbanks, but also include underwater ecosystems. When sand is mined from seabeds or river beds, it can create create turbidity in the water. The machines and human disturbance induced by such processes can also adversely impact aquatic wildlife. The turbidity can create a barrier that prevents sunlight from entering the water, which is harmful to corals that need sunlight. Fish may also die-off due to a lack of food and oxygen in the turbid waters. Thus, the entire aquatic system may fail due to sand mining. The fishing industry that is dependent on such waters will also suffer great economic losses.
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